In more recent history, Dubrovnik was absorbed into Yugoslavia after World War I. Previously it was a Monarchy, but when King Alexander was assassinated in France, his son Prince Paul got to close with the German Fascists. In 1939, they immediately ousted him in a bloodless coup and invaded Croatia with help of the Fascist Italians. Ultimately Communist rule took hold under Tito, and the Iron curtain dropped over Croatia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although the residents of Yugoslavia had access to more freedoms than any country in Eastern Europe, they were under the iron fist of Titoism. Things started to fall apart rapidly after Tito’s death in 1980.
War in Croatia began in 1991 and it was war for freedom and independency of Croatia. War began with attack of Serbs when Yugoslavia failed. They tried to occupy and conquer Croatia and make it became part of Serbia. The war finished in 1995 when Croatia made free all its, in the meantime conquered, territories. Dubrovnik was one of the most damaged cities in Croatia during the war. It was attacked from east Herzegovina and from Montenegro. October 1991 was the hardest time for Dubrovnik. Even it was under the protection of UNESCO, city was attacked from the sea, from air and from the mountains around Dubrovnik. The city of Dubrovnik and its surrounding were really damaged. Many cultural monuments were just destroyed. Those who are interested can visit the fort Imperial on the hill Srd where is situated Museum of the homeland war. But all damages are repaired and nobody can even notice that war once happened in Dubrovnik. There is nothing that can be seen as sign that Dubrovnik was almost completely devastated. Its beauty, cultural heritage, richness of tourist offer as much as hospitality of people who live here make Dubrovnik today being one of the most visited tourist detonations.
Museum of the homeland war - An exhibition of the same name has been put on at Fort Imperial with around 500 exhibits. The main themes include Dubrovnik in the Croatian War of Independence 1991 - 1995 and the history of Fort Imperial. The Croatian War of Independence in the Dubrovnik area was presented within the following themed units: The fall of the Dubrovnik Republic and history of Fort Imperial The Serbian-Montenegrin aggression in 1991 The days of victory - the liberation actions of the Croatian Army and the suffering of the people, civilian buildings and cultural monuments. The exhibits include: documents, art and documentary photographs, printed materials, weapons, mines and explosive devices, war maps, commands, parts of military equipment, objects from every-day life which belonged to the residents and defenders of Dubrovnik under the aggressors siege, authentic recordings and video material, reminiscences of the participants, the armed forces war flags, the original flag which waved on Srđ in 1991, mine fields maps, war log books, etc. A memorial plaque with the names of those who died defending Dubrovnik has been put up on Srđ Hill.